Tuesday, December 17, 2013

有機稻間鴨隊 (Duck - rice organic farm)

林憲德(2007)指出:「生態金字塔最底層是支撐萬物的土壤,意即土壤和微生物活動是生態環境的基盤,然而,無論處於生態金字塔的何種層級,均必須仰賴陽光、大氣、水、表土等四項環境因子而存活,其中,又以水和表土深受人類開發活動的威脅,尤其城鄉建設對水與表土環境的破壞更是嚴重。但是如果沒有良好的表土,則綠色植物就無法好好生長,動物自然日趨稀少,整個生態系皆會受到影響,因此表土幾乎可喻為「生物之母」。」

  然而,使用生物碳(英語:Biochar)即是一種可以改變土壤的方式,因為生物碳可以捕捉與清除大氣中的碳,將它轉化成非常穩定的形式,並儲存在土壤中達數千年之久,因此可以捕捉大氣中的一氧化二氮及甲烷,大幅減少溫室氣體,亦能增加20%的農業生產力,淨化水質,減少化學肥料的使用,因此生物碳亦稱為農業碳(英語:Agrichar)。

  大有社區則是台灣第一個以生物碳使用於農業用途的地方,藉由生物碳改良土壤,幫助植物生長,以及碳收集、儲存使用、吸附壞的微生物等功效,讓大有社區的土壤日益肥沃與健康,而產出的稻米自然健康無毒,因此也讓大有社區的金碳米成為大有社區最著名的產品,目前除了直接販售外,也已初步打造為伴手禮品,甚至已將生物碳製成手工香皂,近期即將販售。

  大有社區理事長吳素秋表示,使用生物碳後,不僅產出的稻米有機無毒、產量明顯增加,連居住於附近居民的的身體也越來越健康,而大有社區也持續與屏東科技大學環境工程學系的師生們進行研究,將產學結合,期望能製造出更有效益的生物碳。




    (Google translation)  Hsien-Te Lin ( 2007 ) noted: " ecological bottom of the pyramid is to support all of the soil , meaning soil microbial activity and the ecological environment of the base plate , however , no matter what level in the ecological pyramid , must rely on the sun, air, water , topsoil and other environmental factors and four survived among them, the water and topsoil threatened by human development activities , especially in urban and rural construction and destruction of topsoil water environment is serious , but if you do not have good topsoil , the greens will not take growing increasingly scarce natural animal , the entire ecosystems are affected , so topsoil almost called "the biological mother ." "

    However, the use of biological carbon ( English : Biochar) that is a way you can change the soil , because the biological carbon capture and remove carbon from the atmosphere , it will be transformed into a very stable form and stored in the soil for thousands of for a long time , so you can capture atmospheric nitrous oxide and methane, a significant reduction in greenhouse gases by 20% can also increase agricultural productivity , water purification, to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers , and therefore also known as agricultural biochar carbon ( English : Agrichar ) .

    Great community is Taiwan's first bio- carbon for use in agricultural applications where biochar soil improvement by helping plant growth , as well as carbon capture , storage, use , adsorption bad microbes and other effects , so that the soil a great community increasingly fertile and healthy , while the output of rice natural health non-toxic, so let Kim carbon meter great community to become a great community 's most famous product , with the exception of direct selling , but also has initially build for souvenirs gifts, even biochar has been made ​​of handmade soap , recently sold forthcoming .

    Great community chairman Wu Suqiu said that after the use of biological carbon , not only the output of non-toxic organic rice production increased significantly, even the residents living in the vicinity of the body is also getting healthy , and a great community has continued and Pingtung Technology Department of environmental Engineering, University teachers and students to conduct studies combining production , hoping to create a more effective biological carbon .



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